The small town of Oranienbaum, just 13 km east of the Bauhaus city of Dessau, is situated in the Biosphere Reserve Middle Elbe. An originally inconspicuous spot of land in Anhalt, Countess Henriette Catharina of Orange-Nassau turned it into what it is up till today: A unique gem of Dutch Baroque architecture in the middle of Germany, showcasing a wonderful ensemble of town, palace, and park.
Image: © Heinz Fräßdorf - Kulturstiftung DessauWörlitz
Up until now, mention of the name “Oranienbaum” evokes the House of Orange which gave important new impetus to the principality of Anhalt-Dessau regarding economy and culture. Countess Henriette Catharina (1637-1708), wife of Prince John George II of Anhalt-Dessau (1627-1693), contributed significantly to the remarkable architectural development of the formerly inconspicuous place.
The princess from the House of Orange-Nassau not only named the place in reference to her family, but bestowed the Dutch character on the palace. Typical for the town center is the rectangular street network with its visual axes. On the square market place is the town’s landmark, the Orange tree.
The town of Oranienbaum, which was merged with the member municipalities of the former administration “Wörlitzer Winkel” in 2011 to form the city of Oranienbaum-Wörlitz, is part of the Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz and, accordingly, under UNESCO protection. In the 18th century, the formerly baroque island garden was transformed into the only English-Chinoise garden which survived from that century up to today, and is an important element in the style variety of the Garden Kingdom.
We are looking forward to your visit!
» Buslinie 304 (0.18 MB)
» Parkplan Oranienbaum (0.13 MB)
Opening hours of the tourist information
April through October
Mon - Sun 10am – 6pm
November through March
Mon - Fri 10am – 4pm
Getting there by bike
Elbe Cycle Route
The Orange Route
Berlin-Leipzig Bike Path
Garden Kingdom Tour Fürst Franz
Getting there by public transport
Leipzig-Magdeburg, Dessau train station – bus line 310 – direction of Oranienbaum
Halle-Berlin, Gräfenhainichen train station – bus line 310 – direction of Dessau
Getting there by car
A9 Berlin-Munich – exit Dessau-Ost
Discover the charming little city’s major attractions on this walking tour. Stroll the ancient streets with numerous half-timbered houses and original storage hatches for tobacco while learning the inspiring history of the cultivation and production of tobacco in Oranienbaum. English tours upon […]
A magnificent and relaxing bike tour through an 800 hectare heath area with rich deposits of sensitive habitats and some rare animal and plant species like the shy wild horses and heck cattle. A really unique experience!
Oranienbaum can look back on a long tradition of the cultivation and production of tobacco. At the end of the 19th century, there were 24 tobacco factories with up to 166 workers. The “TabakCollegium” illustrates the history of Oranienbaum tobacco production and informs on the origins of […]
As you approach the city, you can already see the mighty Baroque parish church of Oranienbaum with its imposing hipped roof and belfry.
Pagode im Englisch-Chinesischen Garten
Schloss und Park Oranienbaum