The basic idea of the Bauhaus, as expressed by its founder Walter Gropius, comprised a novel unity of craftsmanship, art and technology. To achieve this, Gropius founded an interdisciplinary and internationally oriented art school in Weimar in 1919. When conservative circles in Weimar forced drastic cuts in funding for the Bauhaus, the school found a new, open-minded home in Dessau in 1925. Here, the Bauhaus received the rank of a state university for design. Its custom-made school building, inaugurated in 1926, is an icon of modernism and based on designs by Walter Gropius.
100,000 visitors from all over the world come to Dessau every year to see the Bauhaus ensemble. Today, the Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau is a place of research, teaching and experimental design.
In 2019, the Bauhaus Museum Dessau opened as part of the celebrations surrounding the “100 years of Bauhaus”-celebrations. The museum now houses the second largest Bauhaus collection in the world.