Origin of the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Kingdom


in Oranienbaum

Highlights & Recommendations

Oranienbaum Marktplatz

City tour in Oranienbaum

How the charming little place was founded

Original Budenhäuser” with storage hatches and elongated half-timbered houses bear witness to the past riches of agrarian Oranienbaum.

Princess Henriette Catharina of Orange-Nassau once nourished mills, distilleries, breweries, the cultivation of hop, tobacco and vegetables and glass and cloth manufactories. Her social commitment is reflected in the widows house donated in 1699, the only single-story building still standing on the market square. The small streams running through the town serve as drainage and once were important in connection with brewing and tanning. The market offers a view of the castle and boasts (since 1719) the emblem of the House of Orange and of the town as a wrought-iron orange tree on a decorative sandstone vase.

5 p. P., reduced 4, children accompanied by parents up to 16 years enter for free.

Further information
April 1 to October 31, Sundays 10:00
Meeting point market place Oranienbaum, duration 1 hour
Tel. 034905 31009


Heckrinder in der Oranienbaumer Heide

Bicycle tour through the Oranienbaum Heath

National natural heritage and a stroke of luck for nature conservation

A heath landscape of about 800 hectares with rich sensitive habitats and partly rare animal and plant species

Soon after the withdrawal of the last CIS forces from the military training area Oranienbaumer Heide,” people realized what natural treasure had survived and even developed further because of this special form of land use. The local farm animals, Heck cattle and Konik horses, are hardy, require little care and can remain outside all year round, making them suitable landscape maintainersfor year-round grazing. About 140 livestock currently stand on approx. 800 acres of pasture. This project is funded by the German Federal Environmental Foundation and other supporters, as part of a research project. Scientific monitoring, animal health checks, a signposted floodplain trail and regular public tours of the area contribute to the acceptance and success of the project.

Further information
Freely accessible, no entrance fee

TabakCollegium Oranienbaum

TobaccoCollegium, Oranienbaum Castle

A permanent exhibition on tobacco farming in Oranienbaum

The permanent exhibition in the TobaccoCollegium provides information about the origins of tobacco farming, tobacco itself, the methods of its cultivation, and on the history of tobacco processing.

Over the centuries, Oranienbaums tobacco production flourished. In its heyday at the end of the 19th century, there were 24 tobacco factories with up to 166 workers. In addition, there were many home workers rolling cigars as a sideline. Many households in the Anhalt region still own reminders of the tobacco days: boxes and tins, account books, letters, photos, tools - and above all pipe bowls made of porcelain, ceramic, wood or horn. 

Admission is included in the ticket for Oranienbaum Castle (regular entry: € 7.50 p.p.).
The World HeritageCard grants free admission to the TabakCollegium.

Further information
TobaccoCollegium Oranienbaum
Schloßstraße 10
06785 Oranienbaum Wörlitz, OT Oranienbaum

Tel. 034904 20259